PHP Manual: fgetcsv


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fgetcsv

(PHP 3 >= 3.0.8, PHP 4, PHP 5)

fgetcsv -- Gets line from file pointer and parse for CSV fields

Description

array fgetcsv ( resource handle [, int length [, string delimiter [, string enclosure]]] )

Similar to fgets() except that fgetcsv() parses the line it reads for fields in CSV format and returns an array containing the fields read.

Parameters

handle

A valid file pointer to a file successfully opened by fopen(), popen(), or fsockopen().

length

Must be greater than the longest line (in characters) to be found in the CSV file (allowing for trailing line-end characters). It became optional in PHP 5. Omitting this parameter (or setting it to 0 in PHP 5.0.4 and later) the maximum line length is not limited, which is slightly slower.

delimiter

Set the field delimiter (one character only). Defaults as a comma.

enclosure

Set the field enclosure character (one character only). Defaults as a double quotation mark.

Return Values

Returns an indexed array containing the fields read.

Note: A blank line in a CSV file will be returned as an array comprising a single null field, and will not be treated as an error.

Note: If you are having problems with PHP not recognizing the line endings when reading files either on or created by a Macintosh computer, you might want to enable the auto_detect_line_endings run-time configuration option.

fgetcsv() returns FALSE on error, including end of file.

ChangeLog

VersionDescription
4.3.5 fgetcsv() is now binary safe
4.3.0 The enclosure parameter was added

Examples

Example 1. Read and print the entire contents of a CSV file

<?php
$row
= 1;
$handle = fopen("test.csv", "r");
while ((
$data = fgetcsv($handle, 1000, ",")) !== FALSE) {
    
$num = count($data);
    echo
"<p> $num fields in line $row: <br /></p>\n";
    
$row++;
    for (
$c=0; $c < $num; $c++) {
        echo
$data[$c] . "<br />\n";
    }
}
fclose($handle);
?>

Notes

Note: Locale setting is taken into account by this function. If LANG is e.g. en_US.UTF-8, files in one-byte encoding are read wrong by this function.