PHP Manual: fileperms


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fileperms

(PHP 3, PHP 4, PHP 5)

fileperms -- Gets file permissions

Description

int fileperms ( string filename )

Gets permissions for the given file.

Parameters

filename

Path to the file.

Return Values

Returns the permissions on the file, or FALSE in case of an error.

Examples

Example 1. Display permissions as an octal value

<?php
echo substr(sprintf('%o', fileperms('/tmp')), -4);
echo
substr(sprintf('%o', fileperms('/etc/passwd')), -4);
?>

The above example will output:

1777
0644

Example 2. Display full permissions

<?php
$perms
= fileperms('/etc/passwd');

if ((
$perms & 0xC000) == 0xC000) {
    
// Socket
    
$info = 's';
} elseif ((
$perms & 0xA000) == 0xA000) {
    
// Symbolic Link
    
$info = 'l';
} elseif ((
$perms & 0x8000) == 0x8000) {
    
// Regular
    
$info = '-';
} elseif ((
$perms & 0x6000) == 0x6000) {
    
// Block special
    
$info = 'b';
} elseif ((
$perms & 0x4000) == 0x4000) {
    
// Directory
    
$info = 'd';
} elseif ((
$perms & 0x2000) == 0x2000) {
    
// Character special
    
$info = 'c';
} elseif ((
$perms & 0x1000) == 0x1000) {
    
// FIFO pipe
    
$info = 'p';
} else {
    
// Unknown
    
$info = 'u';
}

// Owner
$info .= (($perms & 0x0100) ? 'r' : '-');
$info .= (($perms & 0x0080) ? 'w' : '-');
$info .= (($perms & 0x0040) ?
            ((
$perms & 0x0800) ? 's' : 'x' ) :
            ((
$perms & 0x0800) ? 'S' : '-'));

// Group
$info .= (($perms & 0x0020) ? 'r' : '-');
$info .= (($perms & 0x0010) ? 'w' : '-');
$info .= (($perms & 0x0008) ?
            ((
$perms & 0x0400) ? 's' : 'x' ) :
            ((
$perms & 0x0400) ? 'S' : '-'));

// World
$info .= (($perms & 0x0004) ? 'r' : '-');
$info .= (($perms & 0x0002) ? 'w' : '-');
$info .= (($perms & 0x0001) ?
            ((
$perms & 0x0200) ? 't' : 'x' ) :
            ((
$perms & 0x0200) ? 'T' : '-'));

echo
$info;
?>

The above example will output:

-rw-r--r--

Notes

Note: The results of this function are cached. See clearstatcache() for more details.

Tip: As of PHP 5.0.0 this function can also be used with some URL wrappers. Refer to Appendix O for a listing of which wrappers support stat() family of functionality.